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Diagnosis

Periodontal disease is diagnosed by your dentist or dental hygienist during a periodontal examination.  This type of exam should always be part of your regular dental check-up.

A periodontal probe (small dental instrument) is gently used to measure the sulcus (pocket or space) between the tooth and the gums.  The depth of a healthy sulcus measures three millimeters or less and does not bleed.  The periodontal probe helps indicate if pockets are deeper than three millimeters.  As periodontal disease progresses, the pockets usually get deeper.

Your dentist or hygienist will use pocket depths, amount of bleeding, inflammation, tooth mobility, etc., to make a diagnosis that will fall into a category below:

Gingivitis

Gingivitis is the first stage of periodontal disease.  Plaque and its toxin by-products irritate the gums, making them tender, inflamed, and likely to bleed.

Periodontitis

Plaque hardens into calculus (tartar).  As calculus and plaque continue to build up, the gums begin to recede from the teeth.  Deeper pockets form between the gums and teeth and become filled with bacteria and pus.  The gums become very irritated, inflamed, and bleed easily.  Slight to moderate bone loss may be present.

Advanced Periodontitis

The teeth lose more support as the gums, bone, and periodontal ligament continue to be destroyed.  Unless treated, the affected teeth will become very loose and may be lost.  Generalized moderate to severe bone loss may be present.

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Testimonials

I had the unfortunate experience of a severe tooth pain while visiting family in Vista. I called you and you got me right in- Dr. Sarkaria took care of me. She was gentle in touch and spirit and spent unhurried time with me. She was sweet, sympathetic and caring. She gave me immediate pain relief,prescriptions, and advice for the plane trip home to North Carolina the next day. She was correct in her diagnosis and i got it fixed. I would love to live in Vista to be able to visit such a great practice. Thank you so much

J.S.

I just wanted to thank all of you for all your wonderful care of my " bad tooth" experience! I am so thankful to have the best Dr's i ever had! Everyone there is the best at their jobs- but more important everyone is so kind and caring. I feel like i've known you a lifetime! Thanks so much.

Warmly. A. M

I came into this office a few years ago for an urgent need. Found them on goggle and they were the only ones that could fit me in that day. From that point on, after seeing the interaction the Doctors have with the rest of the staff, and how the entire staff treated the patients; I felt very safe and comfortable there. Years later, I still commute sometimes from where i live (nears San Diego airport) up to the office. Yes it's about 50 miles each way but, with the office professionalism, tact, and 'family' environment, I actually looked forward to coming into get something grinded on or my gums poked at! I never thought i'd be able to say that i looked forward to going to the dentist but, this office gave me that 'UMPH'!

A.C.

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